547 Publications

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The Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of Onchocerciasis and Ivermectin (mass) Treatment by the People in Okpuje, Edo State, Nigeria

Author(s): WOGU, M.D. (2008)
Published at :International Journal of Pure and Applied Science, I (4), 88– 92
This paper reports the result of a study carried out to determine the knowledge, attitude and perception on onchocerciasis and its treatment with ivermectin by the people of Okpuje, an endemic community in Edo State, Nigeria. A four – step approach involving a structured questionnaire, personal interview, physical examination and group discussion, were used in the study. Two hundred (200) volunteers, over ten years of age were used in the study. 61 persons (30.5%) had adequate knowledge of the disease but 139 subjects (69.5%) were ignorant of onchocerciasis. Adequate knowledge had a significant effect on the prevalence of onchocerciasis (p<0.005). Most respondents perceived the various symptoms of onchocerciasis found in the area namely: itching, nodules, leopard skin and ocular lesion as separate diseases. Some symptoms were regarded as part of the ageing process while some respondents were not bothered by the disease. Although 147 persons (73.5%) were given ivermectin during the yearly single – dose treatment, only 117 respondents (58.5%) actually took the drug. More females (51.28%) than males (48.72%) accepted ivermectin. The difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Some subjects opted for local traditional method of treatment. Members of the community need to be educated and sufficiently mobilized to appreciate onchocerciasis as a health problem so as to positively change their attitude, perception and level of awareness of the disease and the efficacy of ivermectin treatment. That in turn should greatly increase the distribution coverage and acceptance level of ivermectin used for the control of onchocerciasis in the community.
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The Land Use of 1978: Reflections on Its Objectives and the Imperative for a Repeal**

Author(s): NWANO T. C (1950)
We have watched over the decades the problems encountered in acquisition of land and subsequently in obtaining the approval of certificate of occupancy and land delivery in Nigeria.In the commencement of the Land Use Act 1978, it was stated that “whereas it is in the public interest that the rights of all Nigerians to the land of Nigeria be asserted and preserved by law.” Our concern is not really another criticism against the Act but an in-depth evaluation of how it has achieved its aim if any in the mass provision of land to the citizens of Nigeria. That is, where lays the hope of the masses in the current wave of high cost of acquisition of land? It should be noted that one of the cogent reasons why the Act came into existence was because of the nature of trusteeship of land in the past; it was difficult for just anyone to get access to land. Could we now say it is very easy for just anyone to get access to land today? Therefore, this research paper critically re-examined in-depth the motives behind the act vis-à-vis the present realities and evaluate some of the headings of the Act and further suggest and strike a balance between persons calling for absolute and radical reform and those calling for partial reform of the Act.
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The Language of Junk Journalism in Nigeria

Author(s): EZIRIM CHUKWUMA DANIEL (1950)
The existence and the need for the press in this day and age cannot be discountenanced. The press is a social fact. It is the only mechanism today by which the rulers and the ruled inter – relate. Journalists the world over love the freedom to practice their trade undisturbed. They are forever asking that the frontiers of that freedom be expanded but are they matching if with responsibility to society? In normal times, journalists are sometimes accused of distorting facts and reality. This art of creating a false impression of an event by emphasizing its spectacular or unusual aspect is what we call junk journalism, In all these distortions, language happens to be the veritable tool. This piece explores the distinct language style employed by these journalists in sustaining this genre called Junk Journalism.
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The Law of Contempt of Court As a Restriction on Freedom of Speech in Nigeria and the Uk

Author(s): *JESUOROBO E. IDUGBOE ESQ. LL.B.(HONS) IFE, LL.M. JOS, B.L. (2013)
Contempt in law means an insult to, interference with, or violation of a sovereign court or legislative body1. Contempt Power is defined by Black’s Law Dictionary 7th Edition as follows: “the power of a public institution (as congress or a court) to punish someone who shows contempt for the process, orders, or proceedings of that institution”. Whereas Contempt is defined in the following terms: “Contempt is a disregard of, or disobedience to, the rules or orders of a legislative or judicial body, or an interruption of its proceedings by disorderly behaviour or insolent language, in its presence or so near thereto as to disturb the proceedings or to impair the respect due to such a body”. In attempting to define Contempt of Court Idigbe JSC2 stated thus:
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The Local Processing and Development of Rails and Rail Rolling Facilities As a Boost for Effective Railway Transportation in Nigeria.

Author(s): OISAMOJE, M. D. (1990)
Published at :Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Metallurgical Society, (8), 55-71.
The degree of development and use of rail transport system in a country is partly an indicator of the technological and socio-economic development of that country. The consideration to include rail rolling facilities in the Ajaokuta Steel Complex is an important and positive decision. Rail steel production requires very stringent process controls and also demands some vacuum treatment along the production line in order to attain the desired quality stipulation. Availability of locally produced rails would boost to a great extent railway transportation in Nigeria. Keywords: Ajaokuta Steel Complex, locally produced rails, rail steel production, rail transport system, socio-economic development, vacuum treatment.
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The Management of Corporate Time in Nigerian Organizations

Author(s): AGBONIFOH, B.A. AND INEGBENEBOR, A.U. (1985)
Published at :Business Management Review, 2(1), 9-23
The authors have depended upon Drucker’s work on how executives use their time to observe management usage of time in Nigeria. Time is considered perishable, priceless and irreplaceable. Yet there is the tendency of executives to devote much of their corporate time to unproductive tasks. Their study of corporate time usage indicates that employees of Nigerian organizations waste much of their office hours on private matters. They argue that if this wastage were minimized, effective utilization of corporate time would be ensured. They delve into how workers spend office hours; identified sources of wastage and examined their implications. They concluded their findings that possibilities for improving the use of corporate time exist: Job rotation, enlargement of enrichment would reduce boredom from routine tasks; adjustment of working hours to suit most employees would reduce unofficial break periods and through training and proper motivation of employees.
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The Many Faces of Estoppel in Nigerian Law of Evidence

Author(s): JESUOROBO E. IDUGBOE ESQ.' (2009)
Estoppel has always been accepted from the time of Sir Edward Coke (1552- 1634), the English jurist of great repute, as a general term which included various transactions emanating from the conduct of the parties. The types of estoppel known during his time were: estoppel in pais, estoppel in writing and estoppel by matter of record. Since then, there has been monumental increase in the evolution of novel types of estoppel that even the courts of law sometimes find it difficult to keep pace with this extraordinary increase in novel varieties of this equitable principle.1 In its growth, it breeds a myriad of problems as it continues to expand from one decision to another 2 . These problems are however not insurmountable because the doctrine whether as a rule of evidence or a rule of substantial law, is founded on the principle of justice 3 Thus it has become necessary to x-ray the various aspects of this principle with a view to throwing light into the application of these complex web of principles that estoppel has now This article examines the various emergent varieties of this doctrine and how the courts have applied them in the dispensation of justice.
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The Media and Democratic Election5 in Nigeria*

Author(s): JESUOROBO E. IDUGBOE ESQ. (2009)
This chapter discuses the conduct of elections in Nigeria, the institutions established for their conduct, voter registration procedure, political party formation and their role, campaign procedure, voting and declaration of results procedure and the role of the media in coverage of elections and their legal restraints as well as the institutions that handle election petitions. Media in this context includes the print media, electronic media and the internet information super highway. An Election has been defined as ‘the process of selecting a person to occupy an office; usually a public office’1; or accepting or rejecting political manifestos or proposals, by voting. An election is one of the ways by which a society may organize itself for effective governance. It involves, the surrender of the political right to govern of the electorate to an elected few whom the electorate expects to govern in accordance with their manifestos or propositions which form the basis of their choice. Where voting is free, it acts as a method for seeking political obedience with a minimum of sacrifice of the individual’s freedom. There is no other concept that better enhance democracy than free, fair and genuine elections.
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The Monetary Policy Rate of the Central Bank of Nigeria (cbn) and the Nigerian Stock Market: a Structural Var Analysis

Author(s): UMORU DAVID & AISIEN N. LEONARD (2014)
Published at :Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods, vol.3, no.3, 79-113 ISSN: 2241-0384 (print), 2241-0376 (online) Scienpress Ltd
This study examines the dynamic relationship between stock market performance and the CBN monetary policy rate between the period of 1973-2012. We utilized the “all share price index” in the Nigerian stock exchange as a measure of stock market performance and the official rate of interest at which the CBN lends money to money deposit banks in the country as a measure of the monetary policy rate. The author estimated the SVAR model. The major finding in the study is that stock market performance is negatively associated with the CBN monetary policy rate in Nigeria. In effect, if the CBN monetary policy rate was high, investors would move from high risk stock market to invest in low risk bank deposits while, if the CBN policy rate is low, investors may prefer to invest in the stock exchange.
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The Narrowing Audit Expectation Gap, Fraud Detection Complexities and the Imperative of Forensic Accounting Practice in Nigeria

Author(s): AUGUSTINE EHIJEAGBON AKHIDIME 1 PHD; CNA; ACTI. IZEDONMI FAMOUS. I.O.2 (PROF). PHD; FCA (2013)
This study examined the narrowing audit expectation gap and its implication on forensic accounting practice in Nigeria. The study relied on relevant literature and identified widening responsibility of the auditor by the professional audit standards and the Financial Reporting Council of Nigeria (FRCN) Act, 2011 on auditors’ responsibility for fraud detection and disclosure as factors contributing to the narrowing audit expectation gap while also positing that this narrowing gap combined with the growing complexity and intractable nature of computer aided corporate frauds and financial crimes, have made traditional investigative skills of the 21st century Nigerian auditors inadequate thus making it imperative for them to ‘retool’ their skills in forensic accounting. The study recommends a review of the accounting and auditing curricula of educational and professional bodies to incorporate forensic accounting, which should also be offered at post-graduate levels in Nigerian Universities. It also recommends that the Nigerian principal regulatory statute for corporate auditing and financial reporting , CAMA, be reviewed to make for a well articulated and definitive provision on auditors’ responsibility for fraud detection that will align with the current position of the international auditing standards.
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The Necessity for a Legal Paradigm Shift in Nigeria's Sale of Goods Laws

Author(s): OBOKHAI, LARRY OBADAN (2012)
Published at :A PUBLICATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL LAW, FACULTY OF LAW, KOGI STATE UNIVERSITY, ANYIGBA
Caveat emptor. a term popular known in land transactions in Nigeria as a cautionary word is now also known for its presence in the Sales of Goods Act and Laws applicable in the country. The Common Law which introduced this rule has left a safe haven for sellers of goods to escape liability from the quality of goods they sell. In the wake of the dynamics of international trade and supply of goods and services coupled with further developments concerning implied terms in contract for sale of consumer Goods and associated Guarantees, the need for placing some responsibility on the shoulder of the seller of Goods arose. As the responsibility shifted by nomenclature, the need for protection of the buyer arose as the supply of goods for sale not only attracted the shift of the caution of Caveat emptor to Caveat Venditor it also changed its outlook from merchantability to satisfactory quality for the buyer. This paper, therefore takes a look at the need for a paradigm shift and see if it has gained relevance in Nigeria's sales of Goods laws and the legal implication for Nigeria to be tied to the old principle of Caveat emptor when the source of the law has shifted position in view of the need for quality services.
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The Need for a Categorical Imperative in the Emerging Global Education

Author(s): AGBONKPOLO U.M. BENSON IDAHOSA UNIVERSITY, BENIN CITY (2003)
Published at :NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY VOLUME 10, NUMBER 1.
ABSTRACT The concept of globalization and its consequences in the fields of politics, and economy are becoming more apparent each day. Today’s as in politics we can speak of global education, made feasible by internet connectivity. The consequences of globalization are subjects of recent researches. Some of these consequences are the area of moral education. Globalization doubtless is universal single market, if this is so, how do we attain a universal moral law in global education? This is the research question of this article. In this paper, the author extolled Kant’s approach to this question and attempted a refutation of the criticisms of Kantain ethics with the aim of showing that its morality is a necessary moral framework for global education.
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The Nigerian Judiciary in the Sustenance of Justice and Good Governance*

Author(s): *J.E. IDUGBOE ESQ. LL.B.(HONS) IFE, LL.M. JOS, B.L., (2012)
The Nigerian judiciary with the Supreme Court at its apex, is an essential integral arm in the governance of the nation. It is the guardian of the Constitution charged with the sacred responsibility of dispensing justice for the purpose of safe guarding and protecting the Constitution and its goals. The judiciary, when properly invoked, has a fundamental role to play in the structure of governance by checking the activities of the other organs of government and thereby promoting good governance, respect for individual rights and fundamental liberties and also ensuring the achievement of the goals of the Constitution. It should not allow the defeat of such good goals and intendments. It is the duty of the court to keep the government faithful to the goals of justice democracy and good governance for the benefit of the citizens as demanded by the Constitution. The Supreme Court has the sacred duty to translate into actuality the noble ideas expressed in the basic law, give flesh and blood, in fact life, to the abstract concepts of freedom, liberty, transparency, a society free from corruption, abuse of power and all the noble goals articulated and reiterated in the Constitution.
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The Prevalence of Alcaligenes Feacalis in Bacteremia Meningitis and Wound Sepsis in Tertiary Health Care Institutions in Western Part of Nigeria.

Author(s): MORDI, R. M.; YUSUF, E. O.; ONEMU, S. O.; IGELEKE, C. L. AND ODJADJARE, E. E. (2013)
Published at :The International Journal of Biotechnology 2(7): 123 - 129.
The objective of this study is to determine the rate of recovery of Alcaligenes feacalis from clinical specimens of blood, cerebrospinal fluid and wound swabs and the antibiogram in a tertiary healthcare Institution. The design was prospective and cross-sectional. The subjects for the study were patients seen at various facilities in the hospital. There were two thousand and eight hundred patients made up of 1025 (36.6%) adult males; 1475 (52.7%) adult females while 300 (10.7%) were children. Specimens of wound, blood culture and cerebrospinal fluid were collected from the various facilities in the hospital for microscopy, culture and sensitivity. Isolates were identified by morphological characteristics and biochemical tests using the protocol of Cowan and Steel. Isolates were tested for antibiotic susceptibility by the disc diffusion method of Kirby-Bauer. About 1577 wound samples yielded 165 (5.99%), 933 blood samples yielded 6 (0.21%) while 290 cerebrospinal fluid samples yielded Alcaligenes faecalis respectively . They had varied susceptibility to the various Antimicrobials. Despite the very low percentage of Alcaligenes faecalis in the study, it's ability to produce extended spectrum beta-lactamase enzymes makes it a potential pathogen. Measures were advanced for the control of the organism. Keywords: Bacteremia, Wound sepsis, Cerebrospinal fluid, Antibiogram.
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The Prevalence of Alkaligenes Faecalis in Bacteremia, Meningitis, and Wound Sepsis in a Tertiary Health Care Institution in Western Part of Nigeria

Author(s): R M MORDI, E O YUSUF, S O ONEMU, C L IGELEKE, E E ODJADJARE (2013)
Published at :The International Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 2, No. 7, pp. 123-129.
The objective of this study is to determine the rate of recovery of Alcaligenes faecalis from clinical specimens of blood, cerebrospinal fluid and wound swabs and the antibiogram in a tertiary healthcare institution. The design was prospective and cross-sectional. The subjects for the study were patients seen at the various facilities in the hospital. There were two thousand and eight hundred patients made up of 1025 (36.6%) adult males; 1475 (52.7%) adult females while 300(10.7%) were children. Specimens of wound, blood culture and cerebrospinal fluid were collected from the various facilities in the hospital for microscopy, culture and sensitivity. Isolates were identified by morphological characteristics and biochemical tests using the protocol of Cowan and Steel. Isolates were tested for antibiotic susceptibility by the disc diffusion method of Kirby-Bauer. 1577 wound samples yielded 165(5.99%) Alcaligenes organisms.933 blood samples yielded 6(0.21%) Alcaligenes organism while 290 cerebrospinal fluid samples yielded 4(0.14%) Alcaligenes faecalis and they had varied susceptibility to the various antimicrobials. Despite the very low percentage of Alkaligenes faecalis in the study its ability to produce extended spectrum beta-lactamase enzymes makes it a potential pathogen. Measures were advanced for the control of the organism. Keywords: Bacteremia, Wound sepsis, Cerebrospinal fluid, Antibiogram.
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The Principles in Third Party Transactions and Insider Dealings: an Evaluation of Recent Legal Issues *

Author(s): THEO NWANO C., NZERIBE EJIMNKEONYE ABANGWU, ADEKUMBI IMOSEMI (2013)
A company is a legal and juristic person capable of bearing rights and duties equivalent to those of human beings1. It becomes an artificial legal entity once the formal process of brining it into existence has been complied with 2. In essence, it is a legal personality created by a process other than “natural birth”. Having been cloaked with personality, it is deemed to be a separate and distinct entity from its cooperators. Despite being fitted with the toga of personality however, a company is admittedly an artificial person, a legal fiction which perforce has to operate through the medium of human being in accordance with provisions of the Company’s Constitution, the Memorandum and Articles of Association. In recognition of this fact, the courts have continually reiterated that a company must act through natural persons who form its vital organs and who must be deemed to be the company itself to all intents and purpose This paper sets out to identify those human beings who have the responsibilities of piloting the affairs of a company. Having identified them, efforts will be made to see their relationship with each other all with a view to seeing to what extents a third party who deals with them can reasonably be assured of protection under the law and concludes by recommending the need to amend some of the laws that affect the subject matter of this write-up.
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The Protective Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Unripe Pulp of Carica Papaya (pawpaw) Against Potassium Bromate Induced Tissue Damage in Wistar Rats

Author(s): S.J. JOSIAH, S.C.O. NWANGWU, A.A. AKINTOLA, T. ALLU, U. USUNOBUN, NJOYA HELEN AND B.I. ADEJUMO (2011)
Published at :Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences
The protective role of ethanolic extract of unripe pulp of Carica papaya (fruit), against potassiumbromate induced tissue damage in wistar rats was investigated. The animals were grouped into four groups (A, B, C, D) of five rats. Group A was administered 1 mL of 0.25 M sucrose solution. 60 mg/kg of Potassium bromate KBrO3 was administered orally to rats in groups B, C and D. Groups C and D were pretreated with 250 and 500 mg/kg of the extracts for fourteen (14) days, respectively. The organ to body-weight ratio, total amino acid, total protein and malondialdeyde (MDA) concentration in the brain, spleen, kidney, liver, and heart were colorimetrically measured as an assessment of the level of tissue damage. All the parameters studied increases significantly in all the tissues of rats group B. There was significant decrease in the organ-to-body weight ratio and total protein level in all the tissues investigated (p<0.05), when compared with Group B at both doses of the extract. The total protein level of the stomach had a drastic reduction at 500 mg/kg. Also, the Amino acid level of investigated tissues decreased significantly, while malondialdeyde levels decreased significantly in a dose dependent manner. These findings suggest that ethanolic extract of unripe pulp of Carica papaya may be protective against KBrO3 induced tissue damage in Wistar rats.
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The Relationship Between Inflation Rate and Students Academic Performance in Ssce in Benin City

Author(s): AGBONKPOLO, M.U. AND EREDIAUWA, A .O. (2014)
Published at :Multidisciplinary Journal of Research and Development
The consistent decline in secondary students’ performance is inimical to the Nation’s development. Among Nigeria’s developmental problems is the issue of inflation; a condition which affects every facet of the economy and cripples growth rate. In search of a possible relationship between inflation rate and the academic performance of secondary school students in West African Examination Council/Senior Secondary Certificate Examination in Edo State, four schools were selected using judgmental sampling technique, representing students from high class, medium class, low class and rural areas. The criterion for establishing the effect of inflation on academic performance was based on discrimination validity that negative correlation exists only or is higher among students from the lower socio-economic class. The statistical method used was Pearson’s Correlation. Academic performance of students was based on credit pass or above in mathematics and English language. The findings did not support the above premise, therefore the researchers affirmed that the rate of inflation has no causal relationship with students performance in mathematics and English. Based on these findings, the researchers made some recommendations relating to the study of mathematics and English language in secondary schools in the state.
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The Relationship Between Students’ Jamb Scores and Their Grade Point Average: a Case Study of Benson Idahosa University.” Biu Discourse: a Multi-disciplinary Journal of Faculty of Arts and Education, Benson Idahosa University. Vol. 1, No. 2, Pp. 262-274

Author(s): OMOREGIE, N. O. (2006)
This research examines the relationship between JAMB scores Grade Point Average using Benson Idahosa University as a case study. The hypothesis was that there was no significant relationship between Jamb scores and students Grade Point Average. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to calculate coefficient of correlation. The final analysis revealed that there was no significant relationship between students JAMB scores and students GPA scores in the four Programmes used for the research: the research contends that JAMB scores are no longer reliable due to examination malpractices and so post- JAMB examination by JAMB itself in collaboration with the Universities. JAMB cut- off points to be reduced to 150 and adequate supervision of the teaching process in the secondary system to adequately prepare the students for any external examination.
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The Relevance of Johannine Theology of Love in the Attainment of True Ecumenism in the Contemporary Nigerian Church.

Author(s): EDITED BY PROFFESSOR DON AKILOMEN (2015)
Published at :Nigerian Journal of Christian Studies.
THE RELEVANCE OF JOHANNINE THEOLOGY OF LOVE IN THE ATTAINMENT OF TRUE ECUMENISM AMONG CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN CHRISTIANS. Abstract This paper examines the Johannine Theology of love and its relevance in fostering unity (ecumenism) among the Christians in Nigeria. Findings revealed that instead of love and unity, there are rivalries, divisions, racial discriminations, “holier than thou attitude” prejudice and denominational sentiments among the Christians in Nigeria. As long as these inimical factors remain, all efforts made by the Christian bodies in Nigeria toward ecumenism will be futile. This paper, therefore, concludes by presenting Johannine Theology of love as a panacea to resolving these lingering problems.
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The Role of E-journalism in Nigerian Democracy (in Mass Media in Nigerian Democracy Edited by Fred I.a. Omu and Godwin Ehiarekhian Oboh)

Author(s): ANDREW E. ODION (2008)
Published at :Stirling-Horden Publishers, Lagos ISBN 978-978-032-169-7 Lagos, http://books.google.com.ng/books/about/Mass_Media_in_Nigerian_Democracy.html
Conventional journalism is daily becoming obsolete, following the ever expanding functions of the information super highway. Consequent upon modern technology coupled with the knowledge of the use of Information Technology, most Third World journalist are embracing the use of e-journalism. This paper advocates the urgency and commitment of the policy formulator to see the need to provide the enabling environment for Nigerian journalists to be abreast with their contemporaries in other parts of the world. This will help to sustain and establish our current democratic effort.
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The Role of Instructional Materials in the Teaching and Learning Mathematics in Secondary Schools in Benin City, Edo State, Ebonyi State University Journal of Educational Administration and Planning (ebujeap)

Author(s): HEPHZIBAH - AWULOR, B. N. (MRS) AND AKHIDENO O. I. (2011)
This paper examines the role of instructional materials in the teaching and learning Mathematics in the Secondary Schools in Benin City, Edo State. The population of study consisted of forty 2 teachers and sixty students of some selected secondary schools. This research is to specifically find out the need, the relevance of instructional materials as an aid to the teaching and learning and the availability of instructional materials in secondary schools. Eight research questions were formulated. The major instrument for effective data collection is based on questionnaires designed for both Mathematics and Science related subject teachers and students in the selected secondary schools. The statistical tool used for data analysis is the simple percentage score. The findings revealed that the study of Mathematics and science related subject with instructional materials is necessary to generate interest in the teaching and learning Mathematics, enable students to understand and bring simple facts into reality when appropriately used. The study also revealed the inadequacy of instructional materials and the inadequacy of Mathematics teachers that will use the instructional materials where available. Based on the findings of the study, the Ministry of Education should attempt to recruit and appoint more qualified teachers with education background; instructional materials should be provided to teach Mathematics and other science related subjects by the stakeholders. Workshops, seminars and in-service training should be organized for Mathematics teachers to update their knowledge both in the subject and in the art of teaching.
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The Role of Instructional Materials in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in Secondary Schools in Benin City, Edo State.

Author(s): HEPHZIBAH-AWULOR, B.N. (2014)
This Paper examines the role of instructional materials in the teaching and learning Mathematics in the Secondary Schools in Benin City, Edo State. The population of study consisted of forty teachers and sixty students of some selected secondary schools. This research is to specifically find out the need, the relevance of instructional materials as an aid to the teaching and learning Mathematics in secondary schools. Eight research questions guided the study. The instrument for data collection is a questionnaire designed for the teachers and students in the selected secondary schools. The statistical tool used for data analysis is the simple percentage score. The findings revealed that the use of adequate mathematical instructional material is necessary to generate interest in the teaching and learning Mathematics. The study also revealed the inadequacy of instructional materials and Mathematics teachers that will use the instructional materials where available. Based on the findings of the study, the Ministry of Education Should attempt to recruit and appoint more qualified teachers with educational background; instructional materials should be provided to teach mathematics and other science related subjects by the stakeholders. Workshops seminars and in-service training should be organized for mathematics teachers to update their knowledge both in the subject and in the art of teaching.
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The Role of Metallurgy in Diversifying the Nigerian Economy Through the Development of Viable Upstream and Downstream Industries.

Author(s): OISAMOJE, M. D. (1995)
Published at :Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Metallurgical Society, (13), 1-10.
This paper presents a discussion of the Nigerian economy and its structure, and suggests a development model which the country should adopt in order to achieve accelerated economic growth and better standards of living. The influence of metallurgy on the economic development of the country is discussed especially with respect to the upstream and downstream industries of the steel sector as well as the forward and backward linkage effects of other metallurgical industries. Finally, the full participation of indigenous entrepreneurs in the metallurgical industry, especially with regards to the fabrication of spare parts, is recommended. Keywords: Economic development, economic growth, forward and backward linkage, metallurgical industry, indigenous entrepreneurs, Nigerian economy, upstream and downstream industries.
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The Role of Sec in the Economic Development of Nigeria

Author(s): BEAUTY EKIOMADO EGUASA (2010)
A major engine of economic growth and development of any nation is its capital market. It impacts positively on the economy by providing financial resources through its intermediation process for the financing of long term projects. It is generally believed that inadequate or absence of regulations is detrimental to the capital market as it encourages sharp practices by participants. Regulatory agencies are therefore necessary to police or monitor activities in the market, with the ultimate aim of preventing or minimising abuses which might mar market integrity, erode investors’ confidence, thereby thwarting development in the capital market and the general economy. This paper reviews the effectiveness of the regulatory role of the Nigerian Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) in view of the recent AP’s share price manipulation saga. The paper recommends among other things that those involved in the AP’s share manipulation saga should be arraigned before the Investment and Securities Tribunal and concludes that, if SEC is to achieve its mission of protecting investors, maintaining fair, orderly and efficient markets, and facilitate capital information, it must live to its expected role and be proactive in its activities.
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