547 Publications

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"implication of the Nigerian Press Reports for National Development "

Author(s): OBOH, G.E (2004)
Published at :Folarin, A.B. (ed.) Topical Issues in Communication Arts and Sciences. Ibadan: Bakinfol Publications, Vol. 2 pp. 33-50 (ISBN: 978-047-963-8
This paper reviews the nature and effect of the Nigerian press coverage on the socio-economic and political issues in Nigeria. The focus is to identify whether recent press reports on national issues and events were actually intended to project our national interest, or to feather the nest of some sectional groups, including that of the Nigerian newspaper proprietors. This inquiry is important because there is the need for a constant theoretical guide to the practice of the mass media in a country in order to restrain media practitioners from investing their efforts wrongly in reporting issues and events that run at cross-purpose with our national interest. Indeed, an unguarded media practice has an inestimable adverse consequence on the growth and development of any nation, particularly in a country like Nigeria where some members of the media audience are extremely sensitive to ethic and religious matters. Therefore, effort has been made in this study to assess some of the reported stories in the national dailies to know if those reports were actually relevant to our national interests. It is, however, pertinent to mention that the role of the press is not only to report events but to also ensure that news stories are carefully selected from public-related events and treated to reveal the truth that promotes the people’s interest. In summary, therefore, the focus of the paper has been achieved, which is to reflect on what is appropriate to report on both local and foreign events, and how to report it in line with public expectations. Based on the findings of this paper, the study would like to recommend that the Nigerian journalists allow public interest to guide them on what to report about.
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"mass Media Intervention in Nigerian Politics"

Author(s): OBOH, G.E. (2008)
Published at :Aghayere, O. et al (eds.) Nigerian Political Economy and Sustainable Development. Benin City: Centre for Development Integration in Africa (CDIA) and Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Benson Idahosa University. pp. 46-51 (ISBN: 978-978-085-198-9)
The study analyses the role of the mass media as the Fourth Estate of the Realms in the emerging Nigerian democratic society. The author maintains that the growth and development of any society is a function the quality of political leadership being provided by the elite. Nevertheless, it is the media that provide the information framework that guides the conduct of the government and its citizens. The study discusses how ideally journalists should report political events with the intention to ensure that every government operates within the confine of its constitutional responsibilities and powers. The author explains the various ways of interpreting political issues and events with the possibility of ensuring steady growth and development in society.
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"mediatisation of Nigerian Elections: Issues and Perspectives for African Democracy"

Author(s): OBOH, G.E (2014)
Published at : Ibadan: Stirling-Horden Publishing Limited (ISBN:978-978-032-329-5)
The author uses the phrase “mediatisation of Nigerian elections” to explain the consequences of a paradigm shift, whereby the media, following the advent of the Internet and the social media, are now able to provide more detailed information on political parties and their candidates for elections, whereupon the electorate are able to cast their votes for the more deserving candidates in the elections, unlike previously where the success of politicians in elections was predicated upon the level of the support they received from their parties. Media practitioners and the citizen journalists now closely monitor the activities of politicians and governments using the new media to ensure that people with doubtful reputations do not gain access into governments and parliaments. Earlier in Africa, it was possible for politicians and government-sponsored candidates to ignore the media and win elections so long they had the support of their parties and the electorate. In this era where the media indirectly supervise the conduct of elections and determine public perception of parties and their candidates in elections (mediatisation), it has become relatively impossible for anyone to ignore the goodwill of the media and win election, thus explaining the monopoly the media now have in determining the political landscape of nations in the 21” century. This book is certainly a compulsory read for mass communication students, media practitioners and aspirants to leadership positions in Africa.
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"newswriting and Reporting and the Responsibility of the Media to Society"

Author(s): OBOH, G.E. (2014)
Published at :Sambe, J.A (ed.) Mass Media Modules for Tertiary Institution in Nigeria. Benin City: A Publication of department of Mass Communication, Benson Idahosa University (BIU), pp. 1-22 (ISBN:978-978-942-384-2)
The chapter discusses the techniques of writing news story for media report alongside the responsibility of the media to society. The introductory section of the book examines the importance of media reports to national development. The author analyses some media reports that that were found to have created the basis for national crisis. The author advises the Nigerian journalists to avoid writing news reports that have the potential to create crisis in society, and explained how journalists could use the knowledge of the 5Ws and H to write a publishable news story. The chapter further discusses why people read more than one newspaper on the same issue or event. The elements that determine newsworthy events in society were examined as the author discusses some hypothetical news stories in the chapter to illustrate how to write publishable news stories. The concluding section of the chapter examines what mass communication students should note while writing a news story from a speech, seminar or conference.
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"the Image of Man in Human Rights Legislation in Nigeria" in R. M. Goldie (ed) Image of Man Human Rights Legislations, (rome/freiburg: Herder, 1985), 159-176.

Author(s): DR UMEJESI INNOCENT OGONNNA (1985)
The Author argues that the dignity of man takes its origin from the biblical teaching that man is created in the image of God. As such man is endowed with inalienable Human Rights which cannot be violated without remedies and these facts are captured in the Nigerian Constitutions
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"the Mass Media and the Judiciary As Synergies for Democratic Practice in Nigeria" Africa Media & Democracy Journal Pp. 2-9

Author(s): EKELI, E.O. & IDEHEN, S.O (2012)
The media in most jurisdictions have been recognized as the Fourth Estate of the Realm of a democratic set up. This nomenclature became apt as a result of the position that has been accorded them in most constitutions and that is why the freedom of the media has over the years, been recognized as an integral part of freedom of expression which is an essential element in a democratic set up. The media have been given the task of watchdogs for the society by holding the government accountable to its people as well as being channels for the dissemination of information, views and opinions. The judiciary as the Third Arm of government is charged with the responsibility of ensuring that actions taken by all are legally conducted in line with the laws of the land. The role played by the judiciary cannot be overemphasized as it ensures that anarchy and lawlessness are prevented and in their place, orderliness and respect for obedience to the laws are enhanced. From time, the media in trying to fulfill their roles of information dissemination have been hampered by man constraints n terms of getting an enabling environment and to some extent, some of these laws inhibit the freedom of expression. In spite of these constraints which are legal and which give credence to the fact that there is no absolute freedom anywhere, there is an assumption that for the purpose of good governance and workable democracy, there exists a synergy between the media and the judiciary. It is therefore the view of this paper that both the media and judiciary. I is therefore the view of this enhancing democratic governance especially in Nigeria. In taking this stance, the paper wishes to examine the dynamics and pragmatics of the media and the judiciary and marshal out how both can harmonise and make democracy in Nigeria operate effectively.
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"the Politics of International Communication: an African Viewpoint"

Author(s): OBOH, G.E (2004)
Published at : Ayam, J. (ed.) Introduction to Politics. Ota: Department of Strategic Studies, Covenant University. pp. 319-333. (ISBN: 978-062-349-3)
This chapter examines the movements of information signals across national boundaries to discover that the ability of the transnational media organizations to disseminate news and information on the issues and events that occurred across continents was being enhanced and sustained through the support of the international wire services. The paper discovered that the northern hemisphere seems to have assumed the position of a permanent source, providing data and information for multinational media organizations to write their reports, while the southern hemisphere appears to have become permanent recipients to the news being reported by the international media organizations. The study discusses the avenues available to the less developed countries to increase the reception for the news on the issues and events that occurred in Africa, Asia and South America. The study examines the concept of media imperialism, which Lenin evolved to describe the inevitable outcome of an advanced monopolistic capitalism of the west. The study debunked the assumption that the west is to be blamed for the poor reception on the Nigerian related issues and events being reported by the world media systems.
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"tidbits on News and Editorial Writing in Nigerian Weekly Magazines"

Author(s): OBOH, G.E. (2007)
Published at :Taiwo, R., Odebunmi, A. & Adetunji, A. (eds.) Perspectives on Media Discourse. Location: Germany: LINCOM GmbH Gmunderstr 35 D-81379 Micenchen, http/home-online.de/home.LINCOM EUROPA, LINCOM EUROPA-online.de, pp. 280-295
This chapter examines the symbiotic relationship between the media and society, in that as society creates media; the press on the other hand re-creates the society by providing the appropriate information network for the growth and development of the society. The author uses the Development Media Theory as the basis to argue why media institutions must be deployed to facilitate the growth and development of the African region since the media were originally acquired by African governments to facilitate the development of the region. The study further examines the styles and methods of writing specialized reports in the Weekly magazines, and discusses the functions of interpretative and investigative writings in the attempts to unveil the covert meanings behind the issues earlier reported by the media. The chapter explains how to gather information to write investigative and interpretative reports while highlighting the commonalities between investigative and interpretative writings. The author explains how to write an editorial column, and provided a model, titled: Black Sunday, on Ikeja Cantonment Boom explosion, which occurred January 27, 2002, claiming the lives of several innocent Nigerians.
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"writing Reports: Social Science, Technical and Journalistic"

Author(s): OBOH, G.E. (2004)
Published at :Adegbija, E. (ed.) Language and Communication Study Skills. Ota: Department of Language and Mass Communication, Covenant University. pp. 297-326 (ISBN: 978-062-348-5)
This study reviews what mass communication students undergraduates need to know about report writing, the skills involved in writing specialized reports, some of the features of report writing, and how journalists write report for media publication. In the introductory section of the study, the author explains the importance of media reports in the sustenance of the peace and development of society, and discusses the qualities of a report writer, the essential of objective reports, and the information sources of specialized reports. The chapter discusses understanding social phenomena, different aspects of the social sciences, and the challenges involved in writing social science reports. The author using appropriate examples explains how to write reports of meetings and other formal gatherings, write report from written documents, writing for science and technology, and journalistic reports.
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*removal of a State Governor or Deputy Governor from Office in Nigeria

Author(s): IDUGBOE E. JESUOROBO * (2010)
Removal as used in the title to this article means dismissal from public office through the instrumentally of a state house of assembly in conformity with constitutional provisions. This has occurred frequently since the inception of democratic governance in 1999. Before this period, Nigeria witnessed the removal of the erstwhile governor of Kaduna State Balarabe Musa from office by the Kaduna State House of Assembly in 1981. Since 1999, there has been an unprecedented spate of removals and attempted removals of governors and deputy governors from office. The legislators often misapplied constitutional provisions on the matter, hence their attempts often ended in futility at the Supreme Court which usually ordered the reinstatement of the governors for fragrant breaches of the provisions of the constitution on the matter. There is usually public outcry when a governor who has been widely publicized to be very corrupt and whom the House of Assembly in his State has attempted to remove, is eventually re-instated to the state house to continue to rule (or is it misrule?) his people.This article aims at explaining the correct procedure for removing a governor or deputy governor from office which must be exercised with utmost good faith as a weapon of last resort.
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10. I. O. Umejesi, “religion and Economic Reliance”: the Doctrine of Ahimsa (non-violence) in Jairuism As a Paradigm, in Journal of Academics, Vol. 1, No. 2 (april 2006) 42- 48

Author(s): DR UMEJESI INNOCENT OGONNA (2006)
In this Article, the author argues that religion can be a source of economic reliance and he uses the doctrine of ahimsa in Jainism as a case study. Due to this doctrine the Jains avoid blood-letting jobs like being butchers, farmers and even joining the military. Rather the Jains take to banking, money lending, architecture and other jobs of similar nature and they are eventually economically empowered in a land of poverty.
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12. I. O. Umejesi, “major Reformers of Hinduism: a Historical and Doctrinal Evaluation” in Iroro: Journal of Arts, Vol. Ii No. 1 & 2 (june, 2006)168-189

Author(s): DR UMEJESI INNOCENT OGONNA (2006)
The author exposes the beautiful and ugly sides of Hinduism and argues that it was the ugly sides of Hinduism that led to the reformation of the religion giving rise to three of religions of India “Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.
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A Case for the Repeal of the Laws on Sedition in Nigeria-a Critical Legal Appraisal*

Author(s): *J.E. IDUGBOE ESQ. LL.B.(HONS) IFE, LL.M. JOS, B.L., (2014)
This paper discusses the early origin of laws on sedition, its aims and its export by the British imperial power to her former colonies including Nigeria. The paper argues that the main aim of the law was to suppress criticism of the monarchy in Britain and the colonial administrators in the colonies. The paper exposed the development of sedition laws in some countries and discovered that laws on sedition have been repealed in the United Kingdom hereinafter referred to as ‘the UK’, the United States of America hereinafter referred to as ‘the USA’, Australia, New Zealand, Scotland, Uganda and Canada but has not been repealed in Nigeria. The paper argues that sedition suppresses criticism of public officials which is a fundamental necessity in a true democracy, hinders freedom of thought and expression and promotes corruption, ineptitude and mediocrity in governance and makes the responsibility of the government to the people impossible. Furthermore, the paper argues that sedition is no longer in vogue in civilized true democracies and the Nigerian courts up to the Federal Court of Appeal have demonstrated their willingness to do away with this law. The paper therefore recommends its repeal by the National Assembly.
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A Comparative Assessment of the Heavy Metal Loads in the Tissues (gills, Offal, Muscle and Liver) of a Common Catfish (clarias Gariepinus) from Ikpoba and Ogba Rivers in Benin City, Nigeria. African Scientist, Vol. 9 (1): 13-23

Author(s): OBASOHAN, E. E.; ORONSAYE, J. A. O. AND EGUAVOEN , O. I. (2008)
This investigation determined and monitored the concentrations of Cu, Zn, Mn, Cd, Cr, Ni and Pb in the tissues (offals, gills, liver and muscle) of the catfish Clarias gariepinus from Ikpoba River and Ogba Rivers in Benin City, Nigeria between January and June, 2006. The same metals were also determined in the water of the two rivers. The results showed that the water and tissues of the fish from both rivers were contaminated to varying levels. The levels of the metals (except Ni and Pb) in the water of both rivers were not different at the sample stations of each river and between the rivers. The levels of Mn, Cd, Ni and Pb in water of the rivers exceeded WHO and FEPA maximum acceptable limits for drinking water and the mean natural background levels for African inland waters. It was also showed that most metal levels in fish tissues varied between stations and also between rivers. Tissue metal levels exhibited no particular trends, but seemed to be higher in offal and gills. Metal levels in all tissues were all greater than the maximum acceptable in fish food and thus indicated contamination to levels that could pose potential hazards when consumed. It was therefore inferred that fishes of the rivers were unfit for human consumption. Based on the above findings, close monitoring involving human health risks assessment in relation to environmental pollution of Ikpoba and Ogba Rivers were strongly recommended.
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A Comparative Study of the Gastro-intestinal Parasites Infection of Fresh and Brackish Water Fishes from Warri River, Southern Nigeria

Author(s): WOGU, M.D. AND OKAKA, C.E. (2012)
Published at :African Research Review, 6(2), 13-23
A comparative study of the gastro-intestinal helminth parasites infection of fresh water and brackish water fishes from Warri river, Southern Nigeria, was undertaken. Eight hundred (800) fishes examined during the investigation belong to 30 families, 45 genera and 56 species. The study revealed a highly significant relationship (P<0.001) between water type and gastro-intestinal helminth parasites infection of fish. Fresh water fishes recorded a higher infection rate of 38.11% than their brackish water counterparts with 17.85% rate of infection, suggesting a strong limiting influence of water type on gastro-intestinal helminth parasites infection of fish. However, in some other selected criteria, there were similarities in the pattern of infection of fish. On feeding habits, omnivorous fishes had the highest prevalence of helminth infection (49.55%) compared to predators, planktivores, herbivores and mud/silt feeders, in that descending order. Although euryhaline fishes were more susceptible to intestinal helminth infection than stenohaline fishes, the difference was not significant (P>0.05). A seasonal pattern of helminth infection of fish was observed, with a high infection rate of 70.1% recorded during dry season months of November to February and a low infection rate of 29.9% in the rainy season months of March to October.
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A Comparison of Pre and Early-laying Characteristics of Four Commercial Pullet Strains in Warm Wet Climate

Author(s): VMO OKORO, JI IMOUKHOME, BC ADEWUSI, GU OYEKA (2005)
Published at :Animal Production Research Advances Vol. 1(2) 2005: 111-115
Abstract This study determined the level of pre-production and production differences between four commercial pullet strains, Lohmann Tradition (LT), Lohmann LSL Classic (LC), Bovans Goldline (BG) and Bovans Nera (BN), bred in Europe but whose eggs were hatched in Nigeria. The study also compared these results with the performance recorded in their management guides. There were significant differences (p<0.05) in feed intake, bodyweight gain and feed conversion ratio between the different strains at different ages during the pre-laying period. There were equally significant differences in age at first egg and age at 5% production across strains. At 22 weeks of age, eggs collected showed significantly different (p<0.05) in shell thickness and egg shape index, while egg weight recorded no significant difference (p>0.05) between the strains. Bodyweight gain, feed conversion ratio, age at first egg, and egg weight were all significantly different (p<0.05) from the values established under temperate conditions in the management guides for the different strains. The cumulative feed intake however showed no significant difference (P>0.05) from those of the management guide. These results indicate variations on the effects of the warm wet climate of southwestern Nigeria on the expressions of economic traits by these temperate strain crosses. Keywords: pullets, strains, pre-laying, layers, management guide
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A Critical Appraisal of the Law on Admiralty Jurisdiction in Nigeria

Author(s): NWANO CHINEDU T* (2000)
The appraisal of the law on Admiralty Jurisdiction in Nigeria is the focus of this paper. The paper took a fore ray into the history of admiralty jurisdiction in Nigeria from the onset to clear the doubts and re-emphasized that the Federal High Court has the exclusive jurisdiction over admiralty matters in Nigeria. The paper further examines the provisions of the sections of the admiralty jurisdiction act of 1991. In conclusion it was observed that there is an urgent need to amend some of the provisions of the act especially the wordings of section1 (1) and the use of the word “includes” to clearly reflect the extent of admiralty jurisdiction in Nigeria just as the issue of the court with admiralty jurisdiction in the first instance has been laid to rest.
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A Critique of the Doctrine of Consensus Ad Idem in Electronic Contract Formation.

Author(s): OJIEIFO EIKHENOMIAN (2013)
Published at :Benson Idahosa Law Series Vol. 1 [2013] Pg. 317.
A CRITIQUE OF THE DOCTRINE OF CONSENSUS AD IDEM IN ELECTRONIC CONTRACT FORMATION. Eikhenomian O. * "The law must be stable, but it must not stand still" Per -Roscoe Pound Abstract This paper examined the response of the law on Electronic contract precisely on when a contract will take legally effect. The transformation that has occasioned our adoption of Information communication technology is indeed revolutionary. Relationships boarding on personal and business platforms have never being so convenient, efficient and expedient. The major challenge with this evolution is the rather slow and conservative response by the law on the speed of this innovation. The analysis juxtaposed the traditional principles of communication of acceptance, with a view of considering whether a different reasoning would be necessary for contract formed electronically. The reasoning analysed are the principle of instantaneity i.e. acceptance is deemed communicated only when it is actually delivered to the offeror. The paper resolved that websites based contracts, are caught by this principle as communication with this medium is instantaneous. Secondly is the principle of Non instantaneity i.e. acceptance is deemed communicated only when it is delivered to a third party other than the offeror; parties having consented to this arrangement. This principle is akin to Postal rule. This paper argued that despite the similarities between communication by email and postal service, imposing the Postal rule to email communication will be suicidal. This paper further argued that the rationales for the creation of the postal rule are fundamentally different from the challenges the email regime have generated. To resolve these complexities this paper recommended that parties interested to transact via email should incorporate in their contract when their contract would take legal effect and which legal jurisdiction should entertain their dispute. Keywords: Consensus Ad Idem, Electronic Contract, Principles of Instantaneity and Non Instantaneity of Communication, The Postal rule. I. Introduction This essay will evaluate the doctrine of Consensus Ad idem' which is fundamental to contract formation. This study is aimed at considering whether the transposition of the established doctrine of Contract formation traditionally into electronically formed contract, will be best suited to address the challenges that have arisen as a result of the adoption of new communication infrastructure. Basically, this work is segmented into six parts. Part one, being the introduction; Part two, the background - a justification for this study; the origin of communicating of acceptance; provides a synoptic overview of the meaning of contract law; Part three the * LLM Information and Communication Technology Law (Oslo, Norway), Lecturer II, Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Nigeria. Oeikhenomian@biu.edu.ng.
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A Critique of the Teaching Profession in Nigeria

Author(s): AGBONKPOLOR U. M. FACULTY OF ARTS AND EDUCATION BENSON IDAHOSA UNIVERSITY, BENIN CITY, EDO STATE, NIGERIA. (2007)
Published at :BIUDISCOURSE JOURNAL OF ARTS AND EDUCATION VOLUME 2, NUMBER 1
Abstract This study is a logical analysis of the professional status of teaching occupation in Nigeria. The rationale for this study was predicated on the dwindling social image of the teaching job and the associated palpable reluctance by many people to rank the teaching occupation among the old professions like Law, Engineering and Accountancy etc, according to official traditions. To examine the issue, the tenets of profession were extracted from the concepts of profession in literature. These (tenets) were used as criteria to evaluate the professionalization of the teaching occupation in Nigeria by comparing those tenets with the features of the teaching occupation in the country. The teaching job failed in two of the ten criteria used in this study and consequently appropriate recommendations were suggested for the full professionalization of the teaching job in Nigeria.
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A Dynamic Programming Approach to Replacement of Transport Vehicles in Benin City, Nigeria

Author(s): AMIENS, E. O., OISAMOJE, M. D. AND INEGBENEBOR, A. U. (2015)
Published at :British Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science, 6(3), 204-214
Every organisation has an objective to optimise the utility function of its available operational assets. For commercial vehicle transport operators, the goal is to operate the vehicles for as long as they can make net contribution to the organisation’s corporate objective. Hence, when these vehicles are replaced becomes an issue for strategic decision making. Unfortunately many of the commercial bus transport companies lack the skill to undertake the required empirical evaluation necessary to provide objective data and information for making the vehicle replacement decisions. This study was therefore an effort to bridge this gap in knowledge. Only two out of the fourteen transporter companies of interest operating in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria agreed to provide the required data for the study which covered the period 2008 to 2013 and for Toyota brand of buses only. The data was subjected to backward recursive dynamic programming analysis. The results showed that the four years fixed-age vehicle replacement policy employed by commercial bus transport companies in Benin City was optimum only for the Toyota high roof types of buses. The study thus recommends that commercial vehicle owners/operators should endeavour to keep reliable, relevant and up to records of their vehicles. While it is advocated that adequate and continuous training of key staff on equipment replacement should also be encouraged, operators of mass-transit systems can seek the assistance of Operations Research experts in order to enhance their decisions regarding vehicle replacement policies.
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A Dynamic Programming Approach to the Replacement of Transport Vehicles in Benin City, Nigeria.

Author(s): AMIENS, E. O., OISAMOJE, M. D. AND INEGBENEBOR, A. U. (2015)
Published at :British Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science, 6(3), 204-214.
Managements of firms in the transport industry are faced with the decision of when and how to undertake vehicle replacement as the daily use of their vehicles results in wear and tear, as well as deterioration culminating in measurable operating and maintenance costs that significantly affect the performance, operation and profit objectives of the operating companies. However, managements of these companies employ different methodologies and determinants in their replacement decisions. This study investigated the replacement practices of transport companies in Edo State using a brief questionnaire and data extraction from company’s official record. It also applied dynamic programming to historical data of operating cost, salvage value and acquisition cost to obtain an optimal replacement policy. The results showed that transport companies in Edo State carry out individual vehicle replacement using fixed age policy of 2 years, accident incidence and factory defect. Also the result of dynamic programming showed that the 2-years fixed age replacement policy is not optimal. Keywords: Dynamic programming, Edo State, recursive, transport companies, vehicle replacement policy
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A Quantification of Link Average Throughput Performance in Hsdpa and Hsupa by Field Measurement

Author(s): JOSEPH ISABONA , ODION ANDREW EBHOMIEN (2015)
Published at :Computing, Information Systems, Development Informatics & Allied Research Journal Vol. 6 No. 1. March 2015 – www.cisdijournal.net
In recent years, the usage of real time and multimedia applications is fast increasing globally by demanding higher capacity and lower latency. In order to fulfill such requirements, 3GPP steps in by introducing the HSDPA and HSUPA in Release 5 and 6 respectively. This paper aim to quantify the average user data throughput performance in High Speed Down link Packet Access (HSDPA) and High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) based on field measurement at the cell cluster level, in typical built-up terrain. Specifically, the intention is to evaluate and quantify the average network throughput and bandwidth efficiency, among others in the study location. We decided to examine the maximum average throughput performance of the network and to see how well it correlates with advertised performance values. We found out that, as expected, HSDPA offers a clearly higher throughput and lower delay compared to HSUPA. The measured maximum average throughput values were well far below the advertised performance values in HSDPA and HSUPA. The maximum measured maximum average throughputs in Kbps at the different cell clusters are 343, 420, 336, 374, 351 for HSDPA and 446, 472, 594, 328, 441 for HSUPA respectively.
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A Quantification of Link Average Throughput Performance in Hsdpa and Hsupa by Field Measurement

Author(s): JOSEPH ISABONA AND ODION EBHOMIEN ANDREW (2015)
Published at :Computing, Information Systems, Development Informatics & Allied Research Journal Vol. 6 No. 1. March 2015 – www.cisdijournal.net
In recent years, the usage of real time and multimedia applications is fast increasing globally by demanding higher capacity and lower latency. In order to fulfil such requirements, 3GPP steps in by introducing the HSDPA and HSUPA in Release 5 and 6 respectively. This paper aim to quantify the average user data throughput performance in High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) and High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) based on field measurement at the cell cluster level, in typical builtup terrain. Specifically, the intention is to evaluate and quantify the average network throughput and bandwidth efficiency, among others in the study location. We decided to examine the maximum average throughput performance of the network and to see how well it correlates with advertised performance values. We found out that, as expected, HSDPA offers a clearly higher throughput and lower delay compared to HSUPA. The measured maximum average throughput values were well far below the advertised performance values in HSDPA and HSUPA. The maximum measured maximum average throughputs in Kbps at the different cell clusters are 343, 420, 336, 374, 351 for HSDPA and 446, 472, 594, 328, 441 for HSUPA respectively.
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A Remote Home Automated Switching System

Author(s): SAMUEL OBADAN, ASEMOTA OSARO, DR KINGSLEY OBAHIAGBON (2015)
Published at :Multidisciplinary Journal of Academic Excellence /NAFAK /JOAEX / vol. 14, No. 1 Pg. 70-84
One of the primary motivations for the design of smart homes in the 21st century is to create a more relaxed domestic living environment suitable for a working class society laden with hectic office hours and also to reduce the amount of human dependency for the aging population. In this paper, we design, test and propose the implementation of a remote automated switching system for home electrically controlled appliances. The system implements a clocking algorithm there by automating the switching processes. A usability evaluation of the system reveals positive results over the traditional methods. Key words: Automation, Microcontroller, Remote control

A Review of Nipa Palm As a Renewable Energy Source in Nigeria

Author(s): OKUGBO,O.T, USUNOBUN,U , ADEGBEGI J.A. AND OKIEIMEN C.O. (2012)
Published at :Research journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology.4 (15):2367 -2371
7. Okugbo,O.T, Usunobun,U , Adegbegi J.A. and Okieimen C.O. (2012). A Review of Nipa Palm as a Renewable Energy Source in Nigeria Research journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology.4 (15):2367 -2371
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