547 Publications

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A Review of Nipa Palm As a Renewable Energy Source in Nigeria

Author(s): O.T. OKUGBO, U. USUNOBUN, A. ESAN, J.A. ADEGBEGI, J.O. OYEDEJI AND C.O. OKIEMIEN (2012)
Published at :Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology
The aim of this study is to evaluate the renewable energy potential of Nipa Palm, a bio-energy crop widely available yet underutilized in Nigeria. The combustion of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas has increased the concentration of carbon dioxide in the earth's atmosphere. The carbon dioxide and other so called greenhouse gases allow solar energy to enter the Earth's atmosphere, but reduce the amount of energy that can re-radiate back into space, trapping energy and causing global warming. Nipa Palm which has been regarded as an environmental menace is now regarded as one of the candidates for renewable energy to fulfill the requirement of clean carbon emission. Abundant quantity of Nipa Palm provides an impetus for the sustainable generation of bio-ethanol. This sugar based bio-ethanol source development in Nigeria provides not only profitable use to a problem plant but also provides an opportunity and incentive to generate some Carbon Emission Reduction (CERs) credits.
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A Study of the Relationship Between Staff Attributes and Sharp Practices in the Oil and Gas Down Stream Sector in Nigeria.

Author(s): OBASI, R. AND NKWOR, C. (2013)
Published at : Research in World Economy
We studied the various attributes of the staff of twenty filling stations in Nigeria and related the attributes to sharp practices in the sector. To achieve this purpose, the filling stations’ managers, attendants and drivers were interrogated using survey questionnaire. A total of forty staff was sampled. The data collected were analyzed and hypotheses tested using stata 9 soft ware. We find that, experience is critical in reducing sharp practices (ie it is a factor across all the three groups of respondents) in the sector more than any other factor. The age of staff is also important in the reduction of sharp practices, since, it cuts across two of the units of analysis. We also find that the independent marketers are more into sharp practices than the major marketers (I? < M?).Based on these findings, we conclude that the sector is best run by experienced and aged personnel and our recommendation is that the workers must be adequately remunerated to motivate and distract workers from indulging in sharp practices.
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A Survey on the Processing and Distribution of Smoked Catfishes (heterbranchus and Clarias Spp.) in Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria. Research Journal of Recent Sciences Vol. 1 (8): 23-28

Author(s): OBASOHAN, E. EMMANUEL; OBASOHAN, E. EDWARD AND ORONSAYE, J. A. O. (2012)
This study was carried out to identify and evaluate the efficient smoke processing, preservation, packaging, storage and distribution methods and marketing of smoked Heterobranchus and Clarias spp. in Ekpoma, Nigeria. The study was conducted with the aid of questionnaires, administered to120 respondents made up of 40 processors, 40 retailers and 40 customers selected from five (5) markets in and around Ekpoma . the results showed that catfish processing and retailing business in the area were by women (100%), majority of whom are married, with no formal education. It was further shown that the dominant processing method is the traditional hot smoking in cut-out oil drums (kilns), with smoking duration lasting 2-3 hours. Sales and consumers preference for smoked catfish were rated high and profitable due to products taste, flavor and protein value. Finally, the study revealed the existence of a thriving profitable small-scale traditional smoked catfish (Heterobranchus and Clarias spp.) processing, distribution and retailing business in the study area; identified the major constraints in the business and suggested solutions to ameliorate the situation the aid of
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A Synthesis of the Role of Media Reports and Elections in Nigerian Democracy

Author(s): GODWIN EHIAREKHIAN OBOH, PHD AND ROBERT CHARLES HUDSON, PHD (2011)
This paper examines the interplay between the media and the elections in Nigeria, and discusses some of the relevant communication models that could assist the media in effectively reporting future elections in the country. This study has employed a historical approach, and argues that since Nigeria attained its political independence in 1960; conducting free and fair elections has been the major po1itical problen in the country. The paper observed that the June 12 1993 Presidential Elections resulted in a stalemate, while the 2007 Elections were flawed with cases of electoral irregularities. Many of the results of the elections that were approved earlier by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) were later cancelled by the Nigerian Judiciary, a confirmation that the elections were rigged as confirmed by most of the internal and the external observers that monitored the elections. As a part of the solutions to the problem of elections in Nigeria, this paper recommends the establishment of an Inter-Party Central Committee (JCPP), made up of the national executives of the registered political parties, to work in collaboration with the media as the committee supports the electoral commission to conduct free and fair elections in the country.
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A Synthesis of the Role of Media Reports and Elections in Nigerian Democracy

Author(s): OBOH, G.E & HUDSON, R. (2011)
Published at : Journal of Social and Management Sciences, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Delta State University, 6 (2), pp.59-69 (ISSN: 1597-0396)
This paper examines the interplay between the media and the elections in Nigeria, and discusses some of the relevant communication models that could assist the media in effectively reporting future elections in the country. This study has employed a historical approach, and argues that since Nigeria attained its political independence in 1960; conducting free and fair elections has been the major po1itical problen in the country. The paper observed that the June 12 1993 Presidential Elections resulted in a stalemate, while the 2007 Elections were flawed with cases of electoral irregularities. Many of the results of the elections that were approved earlier by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) were later cancelled by the Nigerian Judiciary, a confirmation that the elections were rigged as confirmed by most of the internal and the external observers that monitored the elections. As a part of the solutions to the problem of elections in Nigeria, this paper recommends the establishment of an Inter-Party Central Committee (JCPP), made up of the national executives of the registered political parties, to work in collaboration with the media as the committee supports the electoral commission to conduct free and fair elections in the country.
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A Voice Activated Robotic Surveillance System for the Elderly/disabled

Author(s): 2. ¹OBADAN SAMUEL OHIFEMEN, ²DR. KINGSLEY OBAHIAGBON (2012)
Published at :Journal of Science and Technology Research
ABSTRACT: Central to smart home security is the need for adequate surrounding` awareness. Systems have been designed for remote exploration and control, however, these still lack the simplicity needed by elderly and disabled. Most elderly people find interaction and control of such systems laborious. On the other hand, home security system such as CCTV, provides static non-flexible view of the environment and hence, do not sufficiently support users’ situation awareness. This paper contributes towards these problems by introducing a vehicular Remote Exploration Surveillance Robot (RESBot), capable of projecting in real time the status of the environment in response to natural language command. Experimental usability evaluation of the RESBot system revealed improved results over traditional home security systems.

Absorption of Microwave Radio Frequency (rf) Signal by Atmospheric Rain.

Author(s): ODABI I. ODABI AND OLAYINKA A. SAMSON (2011)
Published at :Africa journal of science, technology and social science Vol 1(1) 2011
Rain fade refers primarily to the absorption of a microwave Radio Frequency signal by atmospheric rain, snow or ice, and losses are especially prevalent at frequencies above 11GHz. The degradation of a signal caused by electromagnetic interference of leading edge of a storm front is also referred to as Rain fade. It does not need to be raining at a location for it to be affected by rain fade, as the signal may pass through precipitation many miles away, especially if the satellite dish has a low look angle. At any given rain rate, the rainfall is better described by associating it with a spectrum of drop sizes. By modeling the spectrum of sizes, the values of specific attenuation can be developed. The fades induced by precipitation tend to persist for times on the order of minutes and, hence, are regarded as contributors to unavailability. Rain attenuation is not an exact science, different models give different results. There are four basic models; you choose which of the models you want to use. Here we have used the CCIR model in our analysis.
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Absurdity, a Reflection of Life: a Lexico-semantic Approach to Samuel Beckett's Endgame and Waiting for Godot

Author(s): AKHABUE, EKENEM ESTHER (2011)
Published at :Nigerian Journal of Humanities
ABSURDITY A REFLECTION OF LIFE: A Lexico-Semantic Approach to Beckett’s Endgame and Waiting for Godot. ABSTRACT Life is existence, simply human existence, and man exist using language to cohabit in a society. No man, no life, no language use and no society. Hence life cannot be separated from man or his language. This logical sequence propels the discourse in this study. Life is believed to be a paradox many assume to understand but at close examination is a vague phenomenon with diverse meanings to different people, as a result of the various perspectives from which it is viewed. Here, we adapt the hypothesis that absurdity is solely a reflection of life, drawing precedence from Samuel Beckett’s overt conclusion in Endgame and Waiting for Godot. If the artist can hardly be separated from his art, as opined by Aristotle it follows that Beckett believes life is meaningless and this he expresses through the characters which are his tools in his play. In his words, “ I have a clear memory of my own fatal existence…, where no voice, no possible movement could free me from the agony and darkness life subject me to”. Thus, if no force could liberate and give Beckett hope for a better existence, then life is actually worthless and this he portrays in his work through his language use. This paper provides an interpretation into the lexical combination and extended meaning of the obscurity of life in Samuel Beckett’s absurdist plays which proves to be a direct image of life in general.
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Accounting Clarity Through the Proposed Two Column Profit and Loss Account; a Comparative Study of Accountants and Investors’ Perceptions

Author(s): OBASI, ROSEMARY (2012)
Published at :Asian Economic and Financial Review
This paper titled ‘accounting clarity through the proposed two column profit and loss account; a comparative study of accountants and investors’ perceptions, investigates the Relevance, Understanding, Reliability, Importance and Clarity (RURIC) of the proposed Two Column Profit and Loss Account (TCPLA) among accountants and investors in Edo State of Nigeria. The survey questionnaire was employed as the study’s tool to elicit information from the selected respondents. The mean scores of both units of analysis were compared using stata 9 software and the hypotheses were tested using the t-test statistics. The results showed that, both investors and accountants perceived the TCPLA to be RURIC in absolute terms, but Investors’ perception is greater than those of the Accountants and showing higher support for TCPLA as an indication of improvement in the quality of accounting report with the characteristics of clarity or transparency.
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Accumulation of Some Heavy Metals in the Tissues of African Mudfish (clarias Gariepinus and Channa Obscura) from Ogba River, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agricultural Research, Vol. 21: 1-6

Author(s): ORONSAYE, J. A. O. AND OBASOHAN, E. E. (2006)
The concentrations of Cu, Mn, Zn, Ni, Cd, Cr and Pb in water, sediment and wholefish, muscle, offal, and gills of Clarias gariepinus and Chana obscura from Ogba River, Benin City were analyzed using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. All metals were found in all fish samples. The concentration of Cu, Mn, Zn and Cd were below the WHO minimum allowable limits in food fish. The concentrations of Cr and Pb were different in the offal and muscles of C. obscura while Cr differed in the gills of C. gariepinus. The Pb and Cr values in fish exceeded the minimum allowable values in food fish. The concentrations of individual metals varied from organ to organ in the fish. Organ and tissue analysis appear as useful indicators of the biologically available form of heavy metals in the environment.
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Acetone Fractionation of Blends of Palm Oil and Palm Kernel Oil

Author(s): FRED O.J. OBOH (2006)
Published at :Nigerian Journal of Applied Science
Abstract Palm oil and palm kernel oil were blended in various ratios and dissolved in acetone (oil: solvent 1:2). The mixtures were then cooled from 25oC to 10oC at the rate of 2oC/24hr. Compared with the whole palm oil, blending of palm oil with palm kernel oil before fractionation in acetone increased the yield of liquid fraction (olein) in all cases. Acetone fractionation of neat palm oil gave a higher yield of solid fraction (stearin) than was obtained from fractionated palm oil/palm kernel oil blends. Increasing the amount of palm kernel oil in the blend increased the yield of olein, decreased the stearin yield and the proportions of palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids, and increased those of lauric and myristic acids in olein fatty acids.
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Adaptations and Management of Transferred Institutions: a Case Study of the Nigeria Police Force

Author(s): INEGBENEBOR, A.U. (1987)
Published at :Nigerian Management review, 2(1), 3-8
In this article, Dr Inegbenebor examines the Nigeria Police Force with a view to understanding the modifications and adaptations which have occurred in its management practices especially after indigenous personnel had replaced the expatriate ones. He also examines the contributions of the modified management practices to the survival and performance of the Nigeria Police Force.
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Adoption and Implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards (ifrss) in Nigeria: Enduring Challenges and Implications 2090-2100

Author(s): AUGUSTINE EHIJEAGBON AKHIDIME*, EGUASA BEAUTY EKIOMADO (2014)
Published at :ISDS Article ID: IJDS14060101
Although the adoption and implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards, IFRS, are receiving the serious attention of the Nigerian Government, efforts towards full transition from her local version of Generally Accepted Accounting Principle, GAAP, to IFRS are considered to be fraught with several challenges that appear to threaten the success of such efforts. This paper relies on extensive literature in identifying and discussing key IFRS enduring challenges and their implications on the success of Nigerian full transition to IFRS. The identified and discussed subsisting challenges include: the non-inclusion of IFRS in the curricula of Nigerian educational institutions, inadequate IFRS capacities by Nigerian auditors and accountants in and the non- amendment of Nigeria’s corporate financial reporting statutes to accommodate IFRS requirements. This paper recommends an extension of the transition period to allow for the fixing of the identified challenges if Nigeria is to be successfully IFRS compliant.
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Adoption and Implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards (ifrss) in Nigeria: Enduring Challenges and Implications

Author(s): BEAUTY EKIOMADO EGUASA (2014)
Although the adoption and implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards, IFRS, are receiving the serious attention of the Nigerian government, efforts towards transition from her local version of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, GAAP, to IFRS are considered to be fraught with several challenges that appear to threaten the success of such efforts. This paper relies on extensive literature in identifying and discussing key IFRS enduring challenges and their implications on the success of Nigeria full transition to IFRS. The identified and discussed subsisting challenges includes: the non-inclusion of IFRS in the curricula of Nigerian educational institutions, inadequate IFRS capacities by Nigerian auditors and accountants in practice and non-amendment of Nigeria’s corporate financial reporting statutes to accommodate IFRS requirements. This paper recommends an extension of the transition period to allow for the fixing of the identified challenges if Nigeria is to be successfully IFRS compliant.
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Adoption and Implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards (ifrss) in Nigeria: Enduring Challenges and Implications

Author(s): AKHIDIME, A.E. & EGUASA, B.E. (2014)
Although the adoption and implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards, IFRS, are receiving the serious attention of the Nigerian government, efforts towards transition from her local version of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, GAAP, to IFRS are considered to be fraught with several challenges that appear to threaten the success of such efforts. This paper relies on extensive literature in identifying and discussing key IFRS enduring challenges and their implications on the success of Nigeria full transition to IFRS. The identified and discussed subsisting challenges includes: the non-inclusion of IFRS in the curricula of Nigerian educational institutions, inadequate IFRS capacities by Nigerian auditors and accountants in practice and non-amendment of Nigeria’s corporate financial reporting statutes to accommodate IFRS requirements. This paper recommends an extension of the transition period to allow for the fixing of the identified challenges if Nigeria is to be successfully IFRS compliant.
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African Perspectives of Education Dilemma: a Setback for Sustainable Educational Development in Africa

Author(s): JOHNSON AGBONAVBARE OSAIGBOVO, (PH. D) (2013)
The global access to education irrespective of race, sex and geographical location, is the foundation for all other development goals. In Africa, there are more than 40 million children, almost half the school age child population who are receiving no schooling. The main reasons for the low education rates in Africa are the lack of proper schooling facilities and unequal opportunities for education across countries, emigration leading to a loss of highly educated people and financial loss, corruption in education and armed conflict which is the biggest threat to education in Africa. However, this paper will focus on these areas of education dilemmas in Africa: education for all, girls’ education, mother tongue, indigenous education, African graduates, brain drain and corruption in education. Recommendations were made to promote and enhance sustainable educational development in Africa.
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African Religion and Conservation of Nigeria’s Environment for Sustainable Development,” in S.o. Oyewole, Ade P. Dopamu (eds.) Science in the Perspective of African Religion, Islam and Christianity, (ilorin; Nastrens, 2006) 43-56

Author(s): DR UMEJESI INNOCENT OGONNA (2006)
The author projects the aspects of the African Religion which are good for the conservation of Nigeria’s environment for sustainable development.
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Africa’s Immiserization and Declining Development Interventions in a Globalizing World

Author(s): MATTHEW EBOREIME & DAVID UMORU (2012)
Published at :Developing Country Studies www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-607X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0565 (Online) Vol 2
African countries recorded impressive growth rates in the 1960s and 1970s. However, the global economic crisis of the 1980s dealt a severe anti-developmental blow on African countries. Eventually, African countries embarked on widespread liberalization of their economies following intense pressures from Bretton Wood institutions. This paper explores the notion that globalization have engendered the immiserization (a term used by Karl Marx to indicate increasing misery or depth of poverty) of African countries on the one hand and resulted in a sustained decline in the resources available for development interventions on the other hand. To get out from the underdevelopment quagmire, some specific directions were proffered for the development of African countries and these must of necessity include structural changes that encompass spiritual, economic, social, political, institutional, attitudinal, cultural and ideological transformations.
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Albert Camus: Écrivain Humaniste Dans Un Monde Étrange

Author(s): OGIRIKI, A. R. (2011)
Published at :BIUDISCOURSE: JOURNAL OF ARTS & EDUCATION
Ce travail porte sur la réaction humaine contre la souffrance dans le monde envahi d’injustice, d’humiliation, de crimes, de crises, de guerres et, ainsi, de désarroi, de désillusion, et de manque d’harmonie et de stabilité. Il porte aussi sur les solutions possibles aux tracasseries du monde. Après avoir eu marre de la situation désastreuse, l’homme commence à chercher les solutions et les réponses à la vie non valable, car il semble vivre dans un monde clos, sans liberté et jouissance et, donc, très étrange. Albert Camus, l’écrivain humaniste, qui a aussi vécu dans le monde pendant la période de guerre et de toute sorte de douleur, cherche à tout prix à résoudre les problèmes humains, à travers ses œuvres. Il parle non seulement de sa souffrance, la souffrance humaine générale et sa réaction contre la souffrance, mais il propose les solutions possibles et valables à la situation. Il encourage l’homme d’essayer de croire toujours que tout est bien en dépit de la situation amère. Bref, ce travail veut dire à l’homme qu’il faut toujours rester heureux et courageux afin de pouvoir sortir du sentiment douloureux, car l’esprit heureux n’est pas conscient d’amertume, et le seul et final espoir reste la vie et non pas le désespoir et la mort
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An Analytical Survey of Real Time System Scheduling Techniques

Author(s): AYENI, J. A. , ODION A. E. , OGBORMOR-ODIKAYOR I.F (2012)
Real-time systems are systems that are time dependent. The time dependency nature of these systems compared to conventional operating systems such as the Unix time sharing multiuser and multitasking systems and its variants, single user and multitasking Microsoft windows systems and single user and single task palm and hand held device systems has given rise to several techniques in the management of computer resources. Scheduling is that all-important functionality of the operating system that ensures Operating system’s and computer’s resources are managed in such a way as to ensure none of the competing processes is starved of such resources at any given point in time. In real time system, scheduling is effected using certain criteria that ensure processes complete their various tasks at a predetermined stipulated time of completion. The scheduling techniques depend on the two basic types of the existing real time systems; Hard and Soft Real-Time System. The pre-determined time of completion of tasks must be met in Hard Real Time Systems otherwise the resultant effect can be disastrous. Tasks in Real Systems that fail to complete within the pre-determined completion time are tolerable but not often desirable. In these two known types of Real-Time System, pre-emption and multitasking techniques are often used. In this study, a critical analysis of these scheduling techniques and their performance (strengths and weaknesses) in existing systems will be carried out and highlighted. The various scheduling techniques and their associated parameters are examined and analysed. In addition, a survey of known scheduling techniques in real time systems and approaches used by the different techniques are presented.
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An Appraisal of Karma and Arialusi in Hindu and African Metaphysics

Author(s): DR UMEJESI INNOCENT OGONNA (2010)
The work is a comparative study of the law of karma in Hindu and Africa metaphysics.
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An Assessment of State Government Performance Through Financial Ratio Analysis Model.

Author(s): OBASI, ROSEMARY AND OSISIOMA, BEN (2012)
Published at :International Research Journal of Applied Finance, Volume III, Issue 9
In this paper, we developed financial ratios from government annual reports. We identified public expectations which were elicited from the public using the interview tool. Eight hundred and thirty people were interviewed. A total of eleven ratios were developed and was used to design a model. The study covered 1999-2010 (inclusive) of democratic rule. The E- views statistical tool was used to carry out the statistical analyses. We find that, the explanatory power of the model is seventy-seven percent at 10 % level of significance (i.e R2=0.7676; P=0.0939). We also find that four (FRC, FE, SDR, and SPCD) are directly related to State Government’s Performance (SGP). However, FRM, FRU, FC and FCU are indirectly related to SGP. More precisely, governors having higher performance tend to increase the FRC and SPCD. This finding places FRC and SPCD as the main characteristics that influence SGP.
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An Examination of the New Face of Modern Slavery: Child and Human Trafficking" Okada Journal of Legal Sociology & Diplomacy. Pp. 72-102

Author(s): M.O. EDEKO, S.O. IDEHEN, & J.O. OBASOHAN (2013)
Abstract Child and Human Trafficking is a global epidemic that has been equated to modern day slavery. It targets vulnerable people including women and children. It is a violation of their fundamental human rights. Its victims are forced into different types of labour or sexual exploitation. Attempts have been made in this paper to define child and human trafficking as well as give a brief history of the vice. Causes and effects have also been examined with a view of trying to understand why it has become a scourge in all communities. Attempts have also been made to examine in detail legal and institutional frameworks for combatting child and human trafficking. It has been observed in the course of this work that there is an urgent need for all states to take active part in the fight against human trafficking. After an exhaustive examination, the article has been able to proffer tangible recommendations to curb this unfortunate malaise.
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An Investigation of the Impact of Municipal Wastewaters on the Diversity and Abundance of the Cichlid Fishes of Ogba River in Benin City, Nigeria. *indian Journal of Animall Research, Vol. 42 (1): 1-9

Author(s): OBASOHAN, E. E. AND ORONSAYE, J. A. O. (2008)
The effects of municipal wastewaters on the fish species diversity and abundance of Cichlid fishes have been investigated in Ogba River, Benin City, Nigeria. The physico- chemical parameters of the river were also monitored during the investigation. The results showed that the water chemistry, species diversity and abundance of the fishes of the river, which were all different at the sample stations were negatively impacted upon by municipal wastewaters from the city. The condition factor computed for each of the cichlid fish species showed that the fishes were not in good condition. The result also showed that the effects were temporary, as the river recovered through self -purification, in the downstream area, further away from the wastewaters discharge point. It was recommended that the indiscriminate channeling of municipal wastewaters into the river systems be checked, in view of the fact that such negative impacts could surpass the self- purification ability of the river and cause serious declines in fish and fisheries generally.
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Analyse Critique De La Traduction Par Clive Wake De Xala De Sembene Ousmane

Author(s): ABU, EUNICE ONYENMWEN (2007)
Published at :BIUDISCOURSE vol 2 no.1
Au Nigeria l’agence d’administration et du contrôle des médicaments et de la nourriture alerte de ne prendre aucun médicaments qui ne porte pas son numéro. On ne prend jamais des médicaments qui ne portent pas le numéro de NAFDAC, dit NAFDAC NUMBER. Heureusement, le bon standard recouvre autres aspects de la vie humaine. Il s’applique aussi aux traductions soit des textes scientifiques, soit des textes littéraires. Il faut contrôler les traductions pour vérifier si le message du texte original est rendu parfaitement dans la langue d’arrivée. Cet article essaie de prescrire des paramètres de juger la traduction.
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